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1. During the early civilization of Roman culture, only the wealthy and well respected were allowed to vote or hold an office. This system of government was called a republic. 

a.  True 
b.  False



2.The Greeks were more interested in exercising military strength and acquiring land for their empire than the Romans.

a.  True
b.  False 



3. Name the two classical civilizations that had the largest impact on the world's cultural development. 

a.  Greeks and Romans 
b.  Phoenicians and Romans
c.  Egyptians and Persians



4. The first major citizen participation in government occurred in ________________.

a.  Rome
b.  Egypt
c.  Athens 



5. The Greeks created the Olympic Games because they wanted to ______________.

a.  give citizens something productive to do
b.  improve physical fitness 
c.  begin a worldwide special event



6. Which of the following does not describe Sumeria?

a.  Their economy was based on crops.
b.  They were inefficient trade merchants.
c.  They built great temples.



7. Which of the following best describes the Babylonians?

a.  They were known for their brilliant civilization. 
b.  They were great poets.
c.  They made the first printing press.



8. Which of the following does not describe Phoenicia?

a.  They were great sailors.
b.  They left their alphabet to the western world.
c.  They explored the desert.



9. Which of the following best describes Persia?

a.  It is now known as Iran. 
b.  The people were great sailors.
c.  The people were great poets.



10. What is a pharaoh?

a.  a servant
b.  a scribe
c.  an Egyptian ruler 



11. What is a Rosetta Stone?

a.  a clump of clay that is found by the river
b.  a tomb stone that contains two hieroglyphic scripts
c.  a slab of black stone that contains three different scripts 



12. What are hieroglyphics?

a.  technological symbols
b.  symbolic picture writing 
c.  Egyptian poems



13. Which of the following is a characteristic only of the Roman civilization and not the Greek civilization?

a.  They participated in athletic competition and training.
b.  They used military strength to fight off invaders.
c.  They were only interested in art and music.



14. A sudden overthrow of government usually by a small military group is called a(n)_________. 

a.  coup d'etat 
b.  referendum
c.  arbitration
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Social Studies:  Ancient Civilization - Quiz