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personal rights of citizens protected by the United States Constitution

civil rights

a policy of segregation or discrimination based on race


treating people in such a way where the outcome for each person is the same


the U.S. Supreme Court case that established separate public schools for black and white students was unconstitutional

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka​

the values and beliefs of the world that are learned and shared by members of society​


​a person who moves out or leaves a country to settle permanently in another one


people who share a common cultural background, ancestry, and language​

ethnic group

rights and freedoms of which all people are entitled

​human rights

individual or family units​


to enter or settle in a foreign country​


originating or occurring naturally in an area or place


open to people of different races and ethnic groups without restriction​


a relationship where people are mutually dependent on each other​


moral and fair treatment or behavior​


melting pot

to move from one place to another​

unreasonable preconceived judgments or beliefs regarding a particular group, race, or religion​


refers to an individual's physical appearance such as skin color, eye color, and hair​


a person who has already moved and settled in a foreign country​


the separating of people, different races, or ethnic groups as in schools, housing, or public facilities


a cultural group that is distinct or different from the larger culture of which they belong


the United States Supreme Court case where the court ruled unanimously that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide legal counsel in criminal cases to defendants who could not afford their own attorney
​Gideon v. Wainwright

the belief that America is made up of people from different cultures or races
Use the flashcards to help you memorize the following terms and definitions. Once you are ready to quiz yourself, click the Quiz link in the Some Helpful Tools section at the bottom of this page.
Social Studies:  Civil Rights - Flashcards