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personal rights of citizens protected by the United States Constitution



civil rights


a policy of segregation or discrimination based on race






apartheid

treating people in such a way where the outcome for each person is the same



equality

the U.S. Supreme Court case that established separate public schools for black and white students was unconstitutional



Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka​


the values and beliefs of the world that are learned and shared by members of society​





culture

​a person who moves out or leaves a country to settle permanently in another one



emigrant

people who share a common cultural background, ancestry, and language​



ethnic group


rights and freedoms of which all people are entitled






​human rights


individual or family units​





households


to enter or settle in a foreign country​



immigration


originating or occurring naturally in an area or place





indigenous


open to people of different races and ethnic groups without restriction​





integration


a relationship where people are mutually dependent on each other​




interdependence


moral and fair treatment or behavior​







justice


melting pot



to move from one place to another​






migration
unreasonable preconceived judgments or beliefs regarding a particular group, race, or religion​




prejudice

refers to an individual's physical appearance such as skin color, eye color, and hair​



race


a person who has already moved and settled in a foreign country​


immigrant

the separating of people, different races, or ethnic groups as in schools, housing, or public facilities


segregation

a cultural group that is distinct or different from the larger culture of which they belong

subculture

the United States Supreme Court case where the court ruled unanimously that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide legal counsel in criminal cases to defendants who could not afford their own attorney
​Gideon v. Wainwright

the belief that America is made up of people from different cultures or races
Use the flashcards to help you memorize the following terms and definitions. Once you are ready to quiz yourself, click the Quiz link in the Some Helpful Tools section at the bottom of this page.
Social Studies:  Civil Rights - Flashcards