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Study the countries located in the Northern  and Southern Hemisphere of the globe.

Geography - The study of earth's physical features, including the weather and all forms of life that is sustained on earth.
Additional Facts:

an explanation of symbols and features on a map


trees or shrubs that shed their leaves annually​


a biological community where plants, animals, and humans can interact with their physical environment​


a gradual increase in the temperature of the earth's atmosphere due to the increase in carbon dioxide levels and other pollutants​

global warming

increased levels of carbon dioxide that trap heat in the atmosphere and causes global warming​

greenhouse effect

the study or practice of drawing maps​


​an explanation of symbols and features on a map


​the earth's upper atmosphere that absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the sun

ozone layer
the measurement of population divided by the number of people in a specific area​

population density

​it shares common characteristics such a physical features, climate, and language


an exact or specific place or location​ 

absolute location

​a location that is described by its relation to other places

relative location

​areas of land that are flooded either permanently or seasonally

a projection that shows reference lines on a map where the areas farthest from the equator are distorted by size and longitude and latitude are shown as lines that cross at right angles

Mercator projection

Gnomonic projection

​a projection that shows latitude lines evenly spaced along longitude lines and become closer in distance as they approach the poles as if a cone had been placed over the top of the globe

Conic projection

land and water that lie to the north of the equator​

Northern Hemisphere

maps that show physical features such as mountains, valleys, and plains​

topographical maps
a projection that uses a specific point at the globe's center where every curved surface is mapped to a straight line, helping navigators find the shortest distance between two points
maps that show the boundaries of countries and states
political maps
the imaginary line that divides the earth, creating the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere
imaginary lines that measure distances in degrees and run east and west of the prime meridian

land and water that lie to the south of the equator​

Southern Hemisphere

imaginary parallel lines that measure degrees in distances and run north and south of the equator


the 24 standard divisions of earth's time according to the lines of longitude

Time zones
the imaginary line that runs vertically through Greenwich, England

prime meridian
Use the flashcards to help you memorize the following terms and definitions. Once you are ready to quiz yourself, click the Quiz link in the Some Helpful Tools section at the bottom of this page.
Social Studies:  Geography - Flashcards