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1. _________________ shows reference lines on a map where the areas farthest from the equator are distorted by size, and longitude and latitude are shown as lines that cross at right angles.

a.  Gnomonic projection
b.  Mercator projection 
c.  Conic projection



2. _______________ uses a specific point at the globe's center where every curved surface is mapped to a straight line, helping navigators find the shortest distance between two points.

a.  Gnomonic projection 
b.  Mercator projection
c.  Conic projection



3. ____________ shows latitude lines evenly spaced along longitude lines and become closer in distance as they approach the poles as if a cone had been placed over the top of the globe.

a.  Gnomonic projection
b.  Mercator projection
c.  Conic projection 



4. Countries such as Sweden, Venezuela, and China are located ____________.

a.  in the Northern Hemisphere 
b.  in the Southern Hemisphere
c.  on the equator



 5. Countries such as Botswana, Bolivia, and New Zealand are ______________.

a.  in the Northern Hemisphere
b.  in the Southern Hemisphere
c.  on the equator



6. The imaginary line that runs vertically through Greenwich, England is called the ______________.

a.  equator
b.  prime meridian 
c.  Greenwich Line



7. Which of the following maps show mountains, valleys, and plains?

a.  political maps
b.  topographical maps 
c.  world maps



8. Which of the following maps show the boundaries of countries and states?

a.  political maps 
b.  world maps
c.  population maps



9. Geography is the study of earth's physical features, including the weather and all forms of life that are sustained on earth.

a.  True
b.  False



10. What is the name of the imaginary line that divides the earth, creating the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere?

a.  prime meridian
b.  equator 
c.  time zone



11. Imaginary lines that measure distances in degrees and run east and west of the prime meridian are called _____________. 

a.  latitude
b.  equator
c.  longitude



12. Imaginary parallel lines that measure degrees in distances and run north and south of the equator are called __________. 

a.  latitude 
b.  longitude
c.  prime meridian



13. What is the name of the land and water that lie to the north of the equator?

a.  Northern Hemisphere 
b.  geographical regions 
c.  Southern Hemisphere



14. What is the name of the land and water that lie to the south of the equator?

a.  Northern Hemisphere
b.  Southern Hemisphere 
c.  prime meridian



15. What is the name of the 24 standard divisions of earth's time according to the lines of longitude?

a.  ozone layers
b.  time zones 
c.  perpendicular lines



16. The clearing or destruction of forests generally for the purpose of obtaining timber is called __________.

a.  deforestation 
b.  reformation
c.  synthesizing



17. Trees or shrubs that shed their leaves annually are called ___________. 

a.  recurrent
b.  periodic
c.  deciduous 



18. A(n) ___________ is a biological community where plants, animals, and humans can interact with their physical environment.

a.  ecosystem 
b.  biosphere
c.  territory



19. Which of the following occurs when there is a gradual increase in the temperature of the earth's atmosphere due to the increase in carbon dioxide levels and other pollutants?

a.  El Nino
b.  global warming 
c.  Plate Tectonic Theory



20. Increased levels of carbon dioxide that trap heat in the atmosphere and causes global warming is called the ___________. 

a.  ecosystem
b.  ozone layer
c.  greenhouse effect 



21. The study or practice of drawing maps is called _________. 

a.  geology
b.  geography
c.  cartography 



22. An explanation of symbols and features on a map is called _____________.

a.  legend 
b.  special features
c.  symbols guide



23. The __________ is the earth's upper atmosphere that absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the sun.

a.  stratosphere
b.  ozone layer 
c.  lithosphere



24. The measurement of population divided by the number of people in a specific area is called __________. 

a.  population density
b.  population average
c.  total population



25. A(n) _________ shares common characteristics such a physical features, climate, and language. 

a.  region 
b.  time zone
c.  ecosystem



26. An exact or specific place or location is called _________________. 

a.  relative location
b.  absolute location 
c.  region



27. A location that is described by its relation to other places is called __________. 

a.  relative location 
b.  absolute location
c.  region



28. Areas of land that are flooded either permanently or seasonally are called the ____________. 

a.  flood zone
b.  irrigation system
c.  wetlands 
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Social Studies:  Geography - Quiz