Social Studies: Post Enlightenment Period - Flashcards
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the separation of the Protestant Church from the Catholic Church



Protestant Reformation


the period of time that brought about an interest in science and technology





Age of Enlightenment

​the German monk who made ninety-five complaints against the Catholic Church


Martin Luther


the first daughter of Henry VIII who inherited the throne of England​






Mary Tudor


the king of Spain who ruled as an absolute monarch



Phillip II

an English philosopher whose political theories affected the writing of the Declaration of Independence​



John Locke

a Russian tsar who set out to modernize Russia​




Peter the Great


a Dutch scientist who discovered microorganisms using a microscope


Anton van Leeuwenhoek

a system of government where the head of state is an individual ruler who achieves such a position through heredity​



monarchy


a government controlled by a small group, often for their own purposes​




oligarchy


​the absence of any system of government in a society




anarchy


​a system of democratic government where the executive branch obtains its legitimacy through the legislative parliament


​parliamentary
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Social Studies:  Post Enlightenment Period - Flashcards