Language Arts:  Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers - Tutorial
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Dangling Modifiers
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Misplaced Modifiers
An ambulance was not sitting at the intersection. Therefore, we can correct the sentence by identifying who was doing the sitting.
Misplaced modifiers are not placed correctly in the sentence, which leaves the reader confused by what the writer of the sentence is trying to say.
This section will cover dangling and misplaced modifiers.  It will show how to identify them, how they are used, and their rules.
Example 1Sleeping in the chair, my neck became cramped. 
Since my neck was not sleeping in the chair, we can correct the sentence by identifying who was doing the sleeping. 

The possessive pronoun my tells us to add the subject pronoun I.
Example 1:  Rattling and shaking, the driver pushed the old car up the hill. 
Example 2: Sitting at the intersection, an ambulance sped by.
Dangling modifiers are not connected to the word or words being modified.
Since there are no clues as with our first example, we can choose anyone for our subject.

Revision:  When Kayla was sitting at the intersection, an ambulance sped by.
By placing the driver immediately after the two modifiers rattling and shaking, it sounds as if the driver was rattling and shaking. 

We can correct the sentence by placing the modifiers rattling and shaking closer to the old car instead of the driver.
Revision: While I was sleeping in the chair, my neck became cramped. 
Revision: The old car was rattling and shaking as the driver pushed it up
the hill. 
Example 2: The boy bought a skateboard wearing a red hat.   
When the modifier wearing a red hat is placed right after skateboard, it sounds as if the skateboard was wearing a red hat.   
Revision: The boy wearing a red hat bought a skateboard.
By placing the modifier right after the noun it is modifying, the meaning of the sentence is clearer.